|This guide lists simple things
you and your family can do to stay safe and protect your
property from floods. |
Before flooding occurs.
- All your family members should know the safe route
to nearest shelter/ raised pucca house.
- if your area is flood-prone, consider alternative
building materials. Mud walls are more likely to be
damaged during floods. You may consider making houses
where the walls are made of local bricks upto the
highest known flood level with cement pointing.
- Have an emergency kit on hand which includes a:
- A portable radio, torch and spare batteries;
- Stocks of fresh water, dry food (chura, mudi, gur,
biscuits), kerosene, candle and matchboxes;
- Waterproof or polythene bags for clothing and
valuables, an umbrella and bamboo stick (to protect from
snake), salt and sugar.
- A first aid kit, manual and strong ropes for tying
When you hear a flood warning or if flooding appears
- Tune to your local radio/TV for warnings and
- Keep vigil on flood warning given by local
- Don't give any importance to rumours and don't
- Keep dry food, drinking water and clothes
- Prepare to take bullock carts, other agricultural
equipments, and domestic animals to safer places or to
- Plan which indoor items you will raise or empty if water
threatens to enter your house
- Check your emergency kit
- Drink boiled water.
- Keep your food covered, don't take heavy meals.
- Use raw tea, rice-water, tender coconut-water, etc.
during diarrhoea; contact your ANM/AWW for ORS and
- Do not let children remain on empty stomach.
- Use bleaching powder and lime to disinfect the
- Help the officials/volunteers distributing relief
If you need to evacuate
- Firstly pack warm clothing, essential medication,
valuables, personal papers, etc. in waterproof bags, to be
taken with your emergency kit.
- Take the emergency kit
- Inform the local volunteers (if available), the address
of the place you are evacuating to.
- Raise furniture, clothing and valuables onto beds,
tables and to the top of the roof (electrical items
- Turn off power.
- Whether you leave or stay, put sandbags in the toilet
bowl and over all laundry / bathroom drain-holes to prevent
- Lock your home and take recommended/known evacuation
routes for your area.
- Do not get into water of unknown depth and current.
If you stay or on your return
- Stay tuned to local radio for updated advice.
- Do not allow children to play in, or near, flood
- Avoid entering floodwaters. If you must, wear proper
protection for your feet and check depth and current with a
stick. Stay away from drains, culverts and water over
- Do not use electrical appliances, which have been in
floodwater until checked for safety.
- Do not eat food, which has been in floodwaters.
- Boil tap water (in cities) until supplies have been
declared safe. In case of rural areas, store tubewell water
in plastic jars or use halogen tablets before drinking.
- Be careful of snakes, snakebites are common during