National Policy

Introduction Scarcity Relief Policy Financial Assistance Management Committee District  Contigency


        The present scheme of financing the relief expenditure arising out of natural calamities has come into force w.e.f. 1st April, 1990, consequent upon the acceptance of the recommendations of the Ninth Finance Commission. Under this scheme, a Calamity Relief Fund (CRF) is constituted for each State with certain amount allocated to each State. 75% of this amount is to be contributed by the Central Government in four quarterly instalments and the balance 256 is to be provided by the State Governments from its own resources. Following the constitution of the CRF, it is the responsibility of the State Government to meet all expenditure arising out of the natural calamities.

Monitoring the progress of relief measures

        An Export Group has been constituted on the recommendations of the Ninth Finance Commission to monitor the relief work done, utilising the CRF. Further, the State Level Committee(s) are to keep the Ministry of Agriculture informed of the amount of damage caused due to drought, floods etc. as well as the broad details of relief measures undertaken by them. The Scarcity Relief Division, in the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, the requested the State Governments to furnish the progress of relief measures in the prescribed proforma on quarterly basis.

State Relief Organisation & Response

        Most of the States have Relief Commissioners who are in charge of the relief measures in the wake of natural calamities in their respective States. In the absence of the Relief Commissioner, the Chief Secretary or an Officer nominated by him shall be in overall charge of the relief operations in the concerned State. The effectiveness of communication links with field agencies may be reviewed through periodical exercises.

State Crisis Management Group

        There will be a State Crisis Management Group (SCMG) under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary Relief Commissioner. This Group will comprise of Senior Officers from the Departments of Revenue! Relief, Home, Civil Supplies, Power, Irrigation, Water Supply, Panchayat (local self Government), Agriculture,. Forests, Rural Development, Health, Planning, Public Works and Finance. The Chief Secretary/Relief Commissioner may also co-opt on the Group, depending upon the requirements of the situation, one o4 more of the following persons:

SCMG Responsibilities

        The SCMG will, take into consideration the instructions and guidance received, from time to time, from the Government of India and formulate action plans for dealing with different natural calamities. The SCIAG will also have the district level plans for relief formulated by Collectors! Deputy Commissioners.

State Level Control Room

        The Relief Commissioner of the State shall establish a Emergency Operation Centre(Control Room) as soon as a disaster situation develops. The Control Room shall have alt information relating to the forecasting and warning of disaster, action plans for implementation and details of contact paints and various concerned agencies. It shall have updated information about the Air Force, the Navy and the Army for quick interaction.

State level control room responsibilities

The Control Room will be responsible for:


Focal Point

        The collector or Deputy Commissioner will be the focal point at the district level for preparation of the district level plans and for directing, supervising and monitoring relief measures for natural calamities.

Contingency Plans

        At the district level, the disaster relief plans shall provide for specific tasks and agencies for their implementation in respect of the areas given in Annexure  in relation to different types of calamities.

        A contingency plan for the district far different disasters shall be drawn up by the Collector/Deputy Commissioner .and got approved by the State Government. The Collector/Deputy Commissioner should also coordinate and secure the input from the local defence forces unit in preparation of the contingency plans. These Contingency plans must lay down specific action points key personnel and contact points in relation to mail aspects including, in particular, the areas detailed in Annexure.

District Relief Committee

        The relief measures shall be reviewed by the district level. relief committee consisting of official and non-official members including the local legislators and the members of Parliament

District Control Room

        In the wake of natural calamities a Control Roan shall be set up in t4i e district for day to day monitoring of the rescue and relief operations on a continuing basis.


         The Collector shall maintain Close liaison with the Central Government authorities in the districts, namely Army, Air Force and Navy, Ministry of Water Resources etc., who could supplement the effort of The district administration in the rescue and relief operations.

        The Collector/Deputy Commissioner shall take all steps for enlistment of voluntary efforts and channelising the non-Government organisations response to natural calamities.

        The Collector shall closely interact with different implementation agencies and furnish information on a daily basis to the State Relief Commissioner on the implementation of rescue and relief measures.

Review of Contingency Plans

        The district level contingency; plans and the State Actin Plans should be reviewed annually and updated in the light of lessons learnt in dealing with natural calamities from time to time. Copies of the revised / updated contingency plans at State and district level should also available in the Ministry of Agriculture (Control Room)